|Memory - beginnings & endings|
READ THROUGH THE LIST OF WORDS SHOWN BELOW
THEN TURN AWAY AND WRITE DOWN AS MANY AS YOU CAN RECALL (NO TIME LIMIT)
Pair of slippers
If you completed the exercise on the left you
probably remembered more words from the beginning and end of
the list than you did from the middle. This is an effect known
as "serial position phenomenon".
What happens is that you pay particular attention to those items at the beginning of the list, making a conscious effort to "file them away" in your long term memory.
Words at the end of the list have the benefit of being the most recent entries into your short-term memory and therefore easier to recall.
Unfortunately, the words in the middle fall into a kind of no-man's-land and are most likely to be forgotten.
MAKE THE MOST OF
"SERIAL POSITION PHENOMENON"
Clearly state the main points of a lesson at the BEGINNING of the lesson.
Clearly re-cap the main points of the lesson at the END of the lesson.
To assist our pupil's memories, it makes sense to have as many "beginnings" and "endings" as possible in a lesson.
Split lessons into smaller distinct SECTIONS, each consisting of a different activity. Each section should have its own "beginning" (where you re-state the key points - or at least some of them). Each section should have its own "ending" (where you re-state the key points of that section).
Click here for
a simple but effective online game that will help to develop memory skills